Medical State Legislation and Legalese Links

Each state has had its own path to creating and passing legislation designed to help residents have access to medication they need. Looking at the timelines of how legilsation was passed in each state, in addition to the number of amendments, is in some ways a reflection of the level of controversy over the plant in any given state.

This quick summary includes links to all of the legal documentation released by each state.

 

Year Passed State Law Voted Law Enacted Amended Amendment Explined % of Vote
1996 California Nov. 5, 1996 Nov. 6, 1996 Jan. 1, 2004 Guidelines outlining how much medicinal marijuana patients may grow and possess Proposition 215 (56%)
1998 Alaska Nov. 3, 1998 March 4, 1999 June 2, 1999 Mandates registration Ballot Measure 8 (58%)
1998 Oregon Nov. 3, 1998 Dec. 3, 1998 Jan. 1, 2006; July 21, 1999; June 6, 2013; Aug. 14, 2013 Possession of amounts exceeding state guidelines cannot argue “affirmative defense” and mature plants are 12″ height in diameter; only cultivate in one location; adds PTSD; creates dispensary program Ballot Measure 67 (55%)
1998 Washington Nov. 3, 1998 Nov. 3, 1998  Nov. 2, 2008; July 22, 2011 Defined the state’s official “60-day supply; removed state-licensed medical marijuana dispensaries and a voluntary patient registry Initiative 692 (59%)
1999 Maine Nov. 2, 1999 Dec. 22, 1999 Nov. 3, 2009 Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to establish a registry identification program for patients and caregivers, and stipulates provisions for the operation of nonprofit dispensary Ballot Question 2 (61%)
2000 Colorado Nov. 7, 2000 June 1, 2001 June 7, 2010 Giving local communities the ability to ban or place sensible and much-needed controls on the operation, location and ownership of these establishments Ballot Amendment 20 (54%)
2000 Hawaii June 4, 2000 Dec. 28, 2000 June 25, 2013; Jan 2, 2015 Establishes a medical marijuana registry special fund to pay for the program and transfers the medical marijuana program from the Department of Public Safety to the Department of Public Health Senate Bill 862 (32-18 House; 13-12 Senate)
2000 Nevada Nov. 7, 2000 Oct. 1, 2001 Oct. 1, 2001; June 12, 2013 Created a state registry; registration of medical marijuana establishments authorized to cultivate or dispense marijuana or manufacture edible marijuana products Ballot Question 9 (65%)
2004 Montana Nov. 2, 2004 Nov. 2, 2004 June 1, 2011 Requires a Montana driver’s license or state issued ID card and a second physician is required to confirm a chronic pain diagnosis Initiative 148 (62%)
2004 Vermont May 26, 2004 July 1, 2004 May 30, 2007; June 2, 2011 Specifies possession quantity and defines Designated the state’s official “60-day supply”; creating state-licensed medical marijuana dispensaries and a voluntary patient registry Senate Bill 76 (22-7) HB 645 (82-59)
2006 Rhode Island June 24, 2005 – Jan. 3, 2006 Jan. 3, 2006 June 21, 2007 Defines rules and regulations for designated compassion centers Senate Bill 0710 (52-10 House; 33-1 Senate)
2007 New Mexico Mar. 13, 2007 July 1, 2007 n/a Senate Bill 523 (36-31 House; 32-3 Senate)
2008 Michigan Nov. 4, 2008 Dec. 4, 2008 Dec. 31, 2012; Apr. 1, 2013; Feb. 8, 2013 Illegal to “transport or possess” usable marijuana by car unless enclosed in trunk; Requires proof of Michigan residency when applying for a registry ID card and defining patient physician relationship; dispensaries are illegal/provision only from caregivers Proposal 1 (63%)
2010 Arizona Nov. 2, 2010 April 14, 2011 May 7, 2013 Specifies as illegal, use on post secondary campuses and in university lab Proposition 203 (50.13%)
2010 DC May 4, 2010 July 27, 2010 Apr. 14, 2011 Amendment Act B18-622 (13-0 vote)
2010 New Jersey Jan. 18, 2010 June 18, 2011 Dec. 20, 2011; Prohibits limitations on the number of hybrid strains developed, and expands means of packaging and distribution Senate Bill 119 (48-14 House; 25-13 Senate)
2011 Delaware May 13, 2011 July 1, 2011 Feb. 12, 2012; Aug. 15, 2013 Temporary moratorium on issuing licenses;  notice for relaunch Senate Bill 17 (27-14 House, 17-4 Senate)
2012 Connecticut May 31, 2012 Oct. 1, 2012 Jan. 16, 2013  Draft regulations House Bill 5389 (96-51 House, 21-13 Senate)
2012 Massachusetts Nov. 6, 2012 Jan. 1, 2013 n/a Ballot Question 3 (63%)
2013 Illinois Aug. 1, 2013 Jan. 1, 2014 Aug. 1, 2013 Explains key points of the law and notes that it is a four-year pilot program. House Bill 1 (61-57 House; 35-21 Senate)
2013 New Hampshire July 23, 2013 July 23, 2013 n/a House Bill 573 (284-66 House; 18-6 Senate)
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